In the greatest majority of cases when a person is suffering from a broken tooth or from tooth decay these conditions can be fixed with the application of a crown, performing a filling or some other procedure. Dental extractions are done when the tooth is damaged to the point where these procedures cannot be employed.
It is not only damaged or decayed teeth that result in an extraction, it may be necessary to extract a tooth to allow others to develop properly or if the patient is being fitted with braces it is often necessary to extract one or more teeth to provide the room necessary to adjust the position of the teeth correctly.
Perhaps the most common reason for dental extractions is the appearance of the wisdom teeth which normally can be expected during ones late teens or early twenties. The dentist will often extract the wisdom teeth before they cut through the gum or after they emerge. Due to the location of the wisdom tooth it often becomes impacted and poses a problem for the proper development of the other teeth.
When faced with the extraction of wisdom teeth the dentist has two options; simple and surgical. Simple dental extractions are the route taken when the tooth is visible, the dentist will simply numb the area with a local anesthesia and use forceps and other dental tools to grip onto the tooth, loosening it with applied pressure and then extracting the tooth from the jaw bone.
When the tooth cannot be seen it must be removed surgically. In the case of wisdom teeth this is when the tooth has yet to cut through the gum tissue; it can also be used when a tooth has been broken off below the gum line. The oral surgeon cuts the gum to reveal the tooth or the root, once the surgeon can see the tooth it is removed.
Many dentists will give their patients minimal conscious sedation when having to remove the tooth surgically; this is especially true if the patient suffers from nervousness or anxiety.
It does not take long for blood to clot in the well, the dentist will have the patient bite down on a cotton wad for perhaps 15 to 20 minutes; it is the applied pressure that causes the clot. After about two weeks the area is completely healed but during this period the patient should not smoke, use a straw or spit otherwise bleeding may begin again. Visit our website for more information.