The bone marrow aspiration test is sometimes referred to with other names, such as a Bone marrow exam. If you’ve heard these words previously, then you’ll want to know what this test is.

What exactly is this Test?

This bone marrow aspiration in Houston test consists of two-parts its main focus is to look at the blood cells that are contained in a sample of your bone marrow.  Bone marrow is the spongy tissue that is contained in the middle of certain bones. A bone marrow aspiration test will help your doctor make a diagnosis or examine a blood disease or health condition that may be affecting your marrow.

Bone marrow consists of two substances it has a liquid consistency, as well as, having a solid portion.  Bone marrow aspiration uses a needle in order to remove a sample of the liquid part of bone marrow.

Part of the function of bone marrow is to produce blood cells.  A bone marrow aspiration test can help identify how well your bone marrow is functioning.

Why Do I Need a Bone Marrow Aspiration Test?

You may need this test done if your primary physician wants to discover any issues there may be with the health of your bone marrow.
You may have a Bone Marrow Aspiration test to check for:

  • The health of your bone marrow in order to perform a transplant
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Acute leukemia

What Do the Test Results of a Bone Marrow Aspiration Test Mean?

There are many things that may affect your lab bone marrow aspiration test results. These include, but may not be limited to the method in which each lab uses in order to do the test. So keep in mind that even if your bone marrow aspiration test results differ from the normal value, there may or may not be a potential problem. In order for you to fully understand and learn what the actual results mean for you particularly, make sure to talk with your main health care provider.

The lab that is examining your bone marrow will look at several different aspects of the sample of bone marrow in order to assist in finding certain conditions or diseases within your bone marrow. These aspects include the following:

  • Chromosomal abnormalities
  • Number and type of blood cells
  • Abnormal amount of young white blood cells (called blasts)
  • Level of iron in the bone marrow
  • Any abnormalities in the size, shape, or look of cells
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