Oral Surgery in Mount Vernon IL is done for multiple reasons. If decay has gotten into the center of a tooth, or if there’s insufficient space in a patient’s mouth for all of their teeth, extraction may be required. Many oral surgeons recommend extracting partially erupted teeth, as bacteria can enter and get into the surrounding bone. By removing an impacted tooth, a dentist can prevent infection and they can save the patient from years of discomfort.
The Extraction Process
Before the surgeon extracts a tooth, he or she will completely review the patient’s dental and medical histories, and they may take x-rays of the affected area. An x-ray can reveal the position, shape and length of the tooth as well as the condition of surrounding bone; from such information, a dentist can roughly estimate the procedure’s difficulty. From there, the dentist can decide whether specialized treatment is required.
Before a tooth is removed, the surrounding area is anesthetized. Oral surgeons use local anesthetics to numb the area where the extraction is to take place. For simple extractions, an elevator is used to loosen the tooth before it is extracted with forceps. An oral surgeon may want to re-contour or smooth the bone underneath. When the extraction is over, the surgeon may close the incision with stitches.
What’s to be Expected After the Extraction
After a tooth is extracted, the patient must keep the entire area clean to prevent infection. The dentist or oral surgeon will have the patient gently bite down on a piece of sterile, dry gauze, which must stay in the mouth for up to 45 minutes to prevent bleeding and to allow clotting to happen. For the following 24 hours, the patient should not smoke, vigorously rinse his or her mouth, or clean teeth next to the incision.
Some discomfort and pain are to be expected after Oral Surgery in Mount Vernon IL. In certain cases, The Center For Jaw and Facial Surgery P.C. may prescribe a painkiller or recommend OTC pain medications. Patients should limit strenuous exercise and they should avoid heated liquids and drinking through straws. The day following the extraction, the dentist may allow the patient to rinse the mouth with lukewarm salt water. If things go well, discomfort should diminish within three days. If there’s severe or prolonged pain, fever, swelling or bleeding, the patient should call the dentist immediately.