Many people experience discomfort with their gums in the form of swelling, bleeding, and sensitivity. It is important that you seek professional assistance when such problems persist. Visiting an expert periodontist is an important first step. Chicago residents can receive thorough examinations as well as the necessary periodontics treatment to leave them happier and healthier.
Common Periodontal Ailments
In addition to the swollen, bleeding, and sensitive gums, many people experience receding gums and loss of teeth. Inflammation of the gums, or gingivitis, is caused by bacteria. Early treatment is the best way to prevent this condition from escalating to periodontitis, which is much more serious. In this disease, the gum begins to separate from the teeth, which can lead to gum and bone damage.
Common Treatment Options
There are a number of treatments and services that may be given. As the first line of defense, regular professional dental cleaning is recommended to prevent the buildup of plaque and tartar and the breeding of bacteria. Scaling and root planing are also available as a non-surgical means of deep cleaning. It is also important to practice good dental hygiene at home, such as regular brushing of teeth, flossing, reduction of sugary substances, and regularly inspecting your teeth and gums in case there are any visible signs of plaque buildup and infection.
When damage to the gum or bone has already begun, it may be necessary to undergo a graft or surgical procedure to reverse the effects of such damage. These treatment options include bone grafts, soft tissue grafts, and pocket reduction surgery.